The Facts About Stroke

The Facts About Stroke
The Facts About Stroke

Stroke is the leading cause of death and chronic disability in the United States. Physical therapy post-stroke can help individuals regain functional mobility and improve quality of life through strengthening, balance and aerobic exercise. Physical therapists at Two Trees Neuro are equipped to help you reach your goals.  Here are the fact:


  • 4th leading cause of death in United States1
  • Leading cause of chronic disability2
  • ~50% post-stroke are permanently disabled1

Stroke and Rehabilitation

  • Your doctor may prescribe physical therapy services after a stroke.
  • Physical therapists at Two Trees Neuro can assess functional impairments and prescribe exercises including strengthening, balance and aerobic exercise.
  • Improvements in strength, balance and aerobic capacity may contribute to improvements in
    • Functional mobility (Walking, transfers)
    • Quality of life
    • Decrease risk factors for a future cardiac event or stroke
  • Physical activity post-stroke may reduce secondary health issues3,4
  • Physical therapists can assess if an assistive device such as a walker, cane or wheel chair are appropriate. Assistive devices increase stability and may decrease  and individual’s risk for falls.5

Warning Signs for Stroke

  • Sudden numbness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause
  • Seek immediate medical attention if above warning signs are present

Assess your risk for stroke

  • Visit websites such as to determine if you are at risk for stroke
  • Consult your physician if you are at high risk for stroke.


Cyndy Rivera, PT, DPT

Doctor of Physical Therapy at Two Trees Physical Therapy

Cyndy graduated from California State University, Sacramento in 2015 with a doctorate in physical therapy. She obtained Bachelor and Master degrees in Kinesiology from California State University, Northridge in 2008 and 2012, respectively, and is passionate about helping patients with neurological conditions, such as stroke, Parkinson’s Disease and spinal cord injuries regain functional mobility and independence.


  1. Saunders DH, Greig CA, Mead GE. Physical activity and exercise after stroke: review of multiple meaningful benefits. Stroke.2014;45:3742-3747.
  2. Eng JJ, Pang MY, Ashe MC. Balance, falls, and bone health: role of exercise in reducing fracture risk after stroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2008;45:297-313.
  3. Billinger SA, Boyne P, Coughenour E, Dunning K, Mattlage A. Does aerobic exercise and the FITT principle fit into stroke recovery? Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015;15:519.
  4. Patterson SL, Rodgers MM, Macko RF, Forrester LW. Effect of treadmill exercise training on spatial and temporal gait parameters in subjects with chronic stroke: a preliminary report. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2008;45:221-228.
  5. Rao N, Chaudhuri G, Hasso D, et al. Gait assessment during the initial fitting of an ankle foot orthosis in individuals with stroke. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2008;3:201-207.